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董丽丹:shake

董丽丹:shake

  用作名词 (n.)

  a fair shake

  公正、合理的安排,均等的机会 just or reasonable arrangement; fair chance

  in a couple of shakes〔in two shakes (of a lamb's tail)〕

  马上,立刻 in a moment; very soon

  no great shakes

  并非很好,不太有效,不怎么适合,没什么了不起 not be very good, efficient, suitable, etc.

  用作动词 (v.)

  shake down (v.+adv.)

  〈主美·口〉彻底搜查 search sth thoroughly

  shake down

  The contents of the packet may shake down in travelling.

  袋子里的东西经摇晃会沉到底部。

  shake sth ? down

  You don't have to climb the tree, it may be possible to shake the apples down.

  你不一定要上树,或许可以把苹果摇落下来。

  shake down

  You'll soon shake down in your new job.

  你很快就会适应新的工作。

  shake sb ? down

  This looks like a good neighbourhood, we can shake down every small shopkeeper in the street for at least 100 dollars.

  这一街区看上去挺不错,从这条街的每一个小店主的身上我们至少可以敲诈100美元。

  shake sth ? down

  The police had to shake down every building in the street before they found the gunman.

  警察在找到持枪歹徒之前,不得不搜查那条街的每一栋建筑物。

  shake off1 (v.+adv.)

  摆脱(麻烦,烦恼等),医治好 get rid of, free oneself from trouble, illness, etc.

  shake sth ? off

  The horse moved its tail to shake off the flies.

  那匹马摆动着尾巴撵走苍蝇。

  Angrily, she shook off his hand.

  她生气地甩开他的手。

  shake sb/sth ? off

  After a three-mile chase through the woods, he was able to shake off the police.

  他在林子里被追捕了三英里,终于摆脱了警察。

  By running very hard he managed to shake off his pursuers.

  他使劲跑以摆脱追他的人。

  The dog flew at me, but I shook it off.

  这狗向我扑来,我躲开它。

  shake sth ? off

  I can't seem to shake off this fever,I've had it all winter.

  我整个冬天感冒发烧,似乎好不起来。

  How am I to shake off a way of thinking that I have had for thirty years?

  我怎能摆脱三十年来形成的思想方法呢?

  shake off2 (v.+prep.)

  从…抖掉,甩掉 remove sth from sth by shaking

  shake sb/sth off sth

  With a violent movement, he shook his attacker off his back.

  他猛一使劲,甩掉了背上的攻击者。

  He stamped his feet to shake the snow off his boots.

  他跺着脚摇落靴子上的雪。

  The earthquake shook the picture off the wall.

  那次地震把画像从墙上震落了。

  shake out (v.+adv.)

  彻底改组 reorganize sth thoroughly

  shake sth ? out

  Turning his trousers upside down, she shook out a lot of coins.

  她倒提着他的裤子,抖出了许多硬币。

  I'm trying to shake the dust out.

  我正尽力把尘土抖掉。

  shake sth ? out

  Don't forget to shake the pockets out before you take your coat to the cleaner's.

  你把上衣送到洗衣店之前,别忘记抖空衣兜。

  shake sth ? out

  It's time to shake out the flag.

  是旗子展开的时候了。

  If you shake the sheets out, they will lie flatter.

  如果你把床单抖开,床单就会铺得更平。

  shake out

  Tell the men to shake out as they cross the field.

  传令士兵在通过田野时散开。

  shake sth ? out

  The committee needs to be shaken out to get rid of some of the older members.

  委员会需要彻底改组,以淘汰一些年纪大的委员。

  shake out of (v.+adv.+prep.)

  使(某人)受到震动而改变(其思维方法等) change (sb) from (a way of thinking) with a shock

  shake sth out of sth

  Wait a minute,I want to shake some of this water out of my boots.

  等一会儿,我要把靴子里的水往外甩一甩。

  shake sb out of sth

  Violent exercise might help to shake him out of his feeling of self-pity.

  剧烈运动也许会使他摆脱自怜感。

  She needs a strong adviser to shake her out of her usual way of thinking.

  必须有个强有力的劝说者来打动她,使她改变她那一贯的想法。

  shake up (v.+adv.)

  使振作起来 shock sb into activity

  shake sth ? up

  Shake up the salad-dressing before you put it on.

  加色拉调料之前先把它摇匀。

  shake sth ? up

  Mother ran round the room shaking up all the cushions when the door-bell rang.

  母亲正在屋里跑来跑去忙着抖松所有的坐垫,这时门铃响了。

  shake sb ? up

  The bad news shook me up.

  这坏消息使我震惊。

  Did that lightning shake you up?

  那闪电让你受惊了吧?

  No one was hurt, but many of the passengers were severely shaken up by the accident.

  那次事故中无人受伤,但许多乘客都吓得胆战心惊。

  shake sb ? up

  That lazy boy need shaking up and being made to think for himself.

  需要使那懒惰的孩子振作起来,促使他为自己想想。

  We've got to shake up all these people with old-fashioned ideas.

  我们得使那些满脑子旧思想的人振作起来。

  shake with (v.+prep.)

  由于…而发抖 move the body in very quick waves caused by (cold or a strong feeling)

  shake with sth

  Her voice shook with emotion.

  她的声音激动得发抖。

  The children waited outside the school, shaking with cold.

  孩子们在校门外等待着,冻得直发抖。

  The prisoner shook with fear as he faced the court.

  那囚犯面对法庭时吓得两腿直发抖。

  Her hands were shaking with nervousness as she admitted her fault to the group.

  她向全组人员认错时,紧张得两手直发抖。

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